Federal Open Market Committee is a committee within the US Federal Reserve System (the Fed), is charged under United States law with overseeing the nation's open market operations (e.g., the Fed's buying and selling of United States Treasury securities).

This Federal Reserve committee makes key decisions about interest rates and the growth of the United States money supply.

The FOMC is the principal organ of United States national monetary policy.

The Committee sets monetary policy by specifying the short-term objective for the Fed's open market operations, which is usually a target level for the federal funds rate (the rate that commercial banks charge between themselves for overnight loans).

« Back to Glossary Index